Although the Biden administration has vowed to develop a carbon-free Energy sector by 2035, climate experts warn that because renewable resources only supply only 19 percent of US electricity as of 2020, our transition to a green grid future must be accelerated. A group of Stanford academics led by Mark Jacobson, professor of civil and environmental engineering, has set out to demonstrate that a 100 percent renewable grid by 2050 is not only conceivable.
However, it is also possible without blackouts and at a cheaper cost than the current infrastructure. Jacobson is the lead author of a new paper published in Renewable Energy that argues that a complete transition to renewable–defined as wind, water, and solar–would benefit the United States as a whole and individuals by lowering costs, creating jobs, and lowering air pollution and carbon emissions.
They looked studied how wind turbines, tidal turbines, geothermal and hydroelectric power plants, rooftop and utility photovoltaic panels, and other renewable Energy sources could generate electricity in 2050. These estimates were fueled by a variety of sources, including: Jacobson drew on data from a weather-climate-air pollution model he created in 1990 and has since used in a number of simulations. The Information Administration provided data on individual state and sector consumption.
Current fossil fuel sources have been changed to wind, water, and solar-powered electric gadgets. This data was then utilised to make forecasts for Energy consumption in the year 2050. In 2050 and 2051, a grid integration model was used to match time-dependent supply with demand and storage for every 30 second period. The authors of the study examined US regions and national demand until the model produced a solution with 0% load loss, as defined by the authors.