The Middle East, the biggest oil-exporting region, has planned on becoming a major clean energy exporter of green hydrogen. The largest oil producers in the Arab Gulf have become the hydrogen bandwagon, especially its so-called green variety produced from water electrolysis using electricity from solar or wind as it gains momentum with governments and the world’s largest international oil companies.
Hydrogen is expected to play a prominent role in lowering carbon emissions from energy-intensive industries. The Middle East wants to show the world it can export clean energy not only crude oil but as the global energy transition accelerates. The oil-dependent economies of OPEC’s largest producers are determined to diversify into green energy exports and away from oil.Dubai launched the first industrial-scale green hydrogen project in the region, while Oman announced its plans to build one of the largest green hydrogen plants in the world. Dubai is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates which is currently OPEC’s third-largest oil producer, launched the first industrial-scale, solar-powered green hydrogen facility in the Middle East and North Africa in collaboration with Siemens Energy, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority and Expo 2020 Dubai.
During the day, the plant uses some of the photovoltaic electricity from the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park to produce green hydrogen via electrolysis. At night, the green hydrogen is converted into electricity to power the city with sustainable energy, Siemens Energy says. The Solar Park is expected to generate as much as 5 gigawatts of clean energy by 2030 as the largest single-site solar park in the world.
Siemens Energy said that against the background of low costs of electricity for solar PV and wind power in the region. Hydrogen has the potential to be a key fuel in the energy mix of the future and could open up energy export opportunities for those areas with access to abundant renewable energies.Oman’s state-held energy company OQ, Hong-Kong-based green fuels developer InterContinental Energy, and Kuwait’s government-backed clean energy investor and developer, EnerTech, announced a plan for one of the biggest facilities of green hydrogen in the world. The plant will be powered by 25 GW of renewable energy and could cost as much as US$30 billion.